Printing Calculation – Variable Cost Equation

The printing equation is a formula used to calculate the cost of printing. This equation includes several variables, including the number of prints, paper size, paper quality, printing color, printing method, etc. The following is a simple printing equation:

Printing Cost = Number of Prints x (Basic Cost + Number of Pages x Single Page Cost + Color x Single Color Cost + Special Effects Cost)

Among them, the basic cost refers to the printing plant’s fixed costs, including layout, printing machine costs, labor costs, etc. Single page cost is the cost per sheet of paper, usually based on the quality and size of the paper. Single color cost refers to the cost of each color printing, usually according to the printing method and pigment cost. Special effects cost refers to special printing effects such as foil stamping, letterpress, etc. These effects usually require additional charges.

The above is a simple printing equation, but there may be more variables and details to consider when calculating the cost.

What if I calculate how much paper to use?

If you need to calculate how much paper to use, you can do so according to the following formula:

Number of sheets of paper required = Number of pages to be printed ÷ Number of front and back sides of each sheet of paper

For example, if a 20-page book is to be printed and each sheet can be printed on two sides, the number of sheets required = 20 ÷ (2 x 1) = 10.

If the content to be printed contains color pictures or other elements that need to be printed separately, then the number of sheets required for these elements should be calculated separately, and then all the sheets should be added together to arrive at the total number of sheets required.

It is important to note that there are limitations on paper sizes and sheet counts for printing machines, so these limitations need to be taken into account when calculating the number of sheets required to ensure a smooth printing process.

Types of paper sizes for printing

There are many different types of printing paper sizes, and the following are some common paper size categories:

1. A-series: A-series is the international standard paper size, of which the most common sizes are A4 (210mm x 297mm) and A3 (297mm x 420mm). sizes in the A-series are allocated proportionally, e.g. A3 is twice the size of A4 and A4 is twice the size of A5.

2. B series: B series is a slightly larger paper size than A series, of which the most common sizes are B4 (250mm x 353mm) and B5 (176mm x 250mm). sizes in B series are also distributed proportionally.

3. C-series: C-series is the paper size used for envelopes, of which the most common sizes are C4 (229mm x 324mm) and C5 (162mm x 229mm).

4. Sheet paper: The size of sheet paper is usually determined by the content to be printed, such as posters, promotional leaflets, business cards, etc.

When choosing a paper size, it is important to consider the size and type of content to be printed, as well as the size of paper supported by the printing machine to ensure a smooth printing process.

Paper Size for Large Format Printers

The paper size of large-format printing machines varies by model:

1. Wide format presses: Wide format presses can print paper widths greater than 1 meter, with the most common width being 1.27 meters (50 inches). Wide-format printing machines can print posters, banners, car stickers, and other large print. 2.

2. UV flatbed printing machine: UV flatbed printing machines can print sizes up to 2.5 m x 1.3 m hard material, such as acrylic, PVC board, wood board, etc. UV flatbed printing machines can print posters, billboards, signs, and other large printed materials.

3. web digital printing machine: web digital printing machine can print paper with a width of more than 1 meter, up to 3.2 meters. The roll-type digital printing machine can print posters, banners, car stickers, and other large printing materials.

It is important to note that the paper size of a large format printer is usually larger than that of a regular printer. Therefore, when selecting a printing machine, it is necessary to consider the size and type of print required to ensure a smooth printing process.

What is typesetting?

Typesetting is the process of arranging text, images, symbols, and other elements into a complete layout according to certain layout design requirements, through the process of arranging, adjusting, and beautifying. In the printing industry, typesetting is an important part of the printing production process, which is directly related to the quality and aesthetics of printed materials.

Printing layout is the arrangement of text, images, symbols, and other elements into a complete layout in accordance with certain layout design requirements, and then generating the layout file required for printing. In the traditional printing layout process, the typesetter needs to manually arrange the text, images, and other elements in the lead type or lead plate. Now, with the development of digital technology, printing typesetting has been digitalized, and the typesetting work can be done by computer software.

The purpose of printing typesetting is to achieve the best results in layout design, text clarity, aesthetics, and layout structure, to improve the quality of printed materials, reduce printing costs, and increase production efficiency. Printing layout technology has become an indispensable part of the modern printing industry, which is important for the quality, efficiency, and market competitiveness of printed materials.